Local adaptation in humans and other primates
Natural selection is critical for the adaptation of populations to their local environment. In some species, like humans, it has allowed the quick colonization of strikingly different habitats in as little as 50,000 years. Aida will discuss how the genomes of contemporary and ancient individuals help us understand the genetic basis of local adaptation, focusing on her group's latest results on adaptation to cold climates. She will also put this information in its evolutionary context by discussing the signatures of local adaptation in chimpanzees, where evolution has been shaped by adaptations to the recently acquired Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV), the precursor of human’s HIV.